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FLAG

The 40-rayed yellow sun in the center of the flag represents 40 warriors of the mythical hero Manas. The lines inside the sun represent the crown or tündük (Kyrgyz түндүк) of a yurt, a symbol replicated in many facets of Kyrgyz architecture. The red portion of the flag represents peace and openness of Kyrgyzstan.



GEOGRAPHY

Kyrgyzstan located in Central Asia, on the path of historic Silk Road with an area of 198,500 sq km. 925 km distance between the eastern and western parts of the country, the distance between north and south is 453 km.

When depicting the country in general, high snow-capped mountains, deep valleys, sharp, high flow rate of a thousand rivers and mountain lakes have been formed. 6% of the country's forests and 4.2% consists of ice ages. 80 kinds of mammal in the country, 330 kinds of birds A nd 50 varieties of live fish.

Kyrgyzstan is a landlocked country in Central Asia, bordering Kazakhstan, China, Tajikistan and Uzbekistan. It lies between latitudes 39° and 44° N, and longitudes 69° and 81° E. The mountainous region of the Tian Shan covers over 80% of the country (Kyrgyzstan is occasionally referred to as "the Switzerland of Central Asia", as a result),with the remainder made up of valleys and basins.

The highest peaks are in the Kakshaal-Too range, forming the Chinese border. Peak Jengish Chokusu, at 7,439 m (24,406 ft), is the highest point and is considered by geologists (though not mountaineers[clarification needed]) to be the northernmost peak over 7,000 m (22,966 ft) in the world. Heavy snowfall in winter leads to spring floods which often cause serious damage downstream. The runoff from the mountains is also used for hydro-electricity.

Bishkek in the north is the capital and largest city, with approximately 900,000 population. The second city is the ancient town of Osh, located in the Fergana Valley near the border with Uzbekistan. The principal river is the Kara Darya, which flows west through the Fergana Valley into Uzbekistan. Across the border in Uzbekistan it meets another major Kyrgyz river, the Naryn.
The confluence forms the Syr Darya, which originally flowed into the Aral Sea. As of 2010, it no longer reaches the sea, as its water is withdrawn upstream to irrigate cotton fields in Tajikistan, Uzbekistan, and southern Kazakhstan. The Chu River also briefly flows through Kyrgyzstan before entering Kazakhstan.



LAKES

Hundreds of the rivers make about 3000 lakes in the country, the largest and deepest of them is ISSIK-GOL. The world's 2nd largest lake width is 6202 sq km. In addition, SON KOL, Chatyr Gol are among the country's major lakes.



CLIMATE

The climate varies regionally. The south-western Fergana Valley is subtropical and extremely hot in summer, with temperatures reaching 40 °C (104 °F) The northern foothills are temperate and the Tian Shan varies from dry continental to polar climate, depending on elevation. In the coldest areas temperatures are sub-zero for around 40 days in winter, and even some desert areas experience constant snowfall in this period.



PROVINCES AND BORDERS

Kyrgyzstan is divided into seven provinces (sing. oblast (область), pl. oblasttar (областтар)) administered by appointed governors. The capital, Bishkek, and the second largest city Osh are administratively independent cities (shaar) with a status equal to a province.
The provinces, and independent cities, are as follows:
City of Bishkek
Batken
Chuy
Jalal-Abad
Naryn
Osh
Talas
Issyk-Kul
City of Osh
Each province comprises a number of districts (raions), administered by government-appointed officials (akim). Rural communities (ayıl ökmötü), consisting of up to 20 small settlements, have their own elected mayors and councils.

Kyrgyzstan borders with China, Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and Kazakhstan



STATE SYMBOL

The State symbol was adopted in 14 February 1994. A generous eagle with open wings, sharp looks and strength of the structure of the mountainous country of Kyrgyzstan, the lake in the middle of the beauty of nature, life, and represents a source of energy.



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